Discover the genetics that make you a unique person

Mendel’s team of geneticists has identified statistically relevant genetic variations associated with these psychological characteristics.

Addictions

ADDICTIONS

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Frank, J., Cichon, S., Treutlein, J., Ridinger, M., Mattheisen, M., Hoffmann, P., Herms, S., Wodarz, N., Soyka, M., Zill, P., Maier, W., Mössner, R., Gaebel, W., Dahmen, N., Scherbaum, N., Schmäl, C., Steffens, M., Lucae, S., Ising, M., Müller-Myhsok, B., … Rietschel, M. (2012). Genome-wide significant association between alcohol dependence and a variant in the ADH gene cluster. Addiction biology, 17(1), 171–180. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1369-1600.2011.00395.x

30%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Lind PA, Zhu G, Montgomery GW, Madden PA, Heath AC, Martin NG, Slutske WS. Genome-wide association study of a quantitative disordered gambling trait. Addict Biol. 2013 May;18(3):511-22. doi: 10.1111/j.1369-1600.2012.00463.x. Epub 2012 Jul 11. PMID: 22780124; PMCID: PMC3470766.

32%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Liu, M., Jiang, Y., Wedow, R., Li, Y., Brazel, D. M., Chen, F., Datta, G., Davila-Velderrain, J., McGuire, D., Tian, C., Zhan, X., 23andMe Research Team, HUNT All-In Psychiatry, Choquet, H., Docherty, A. R., Faul, J. D., Foerster, J. R., Fritsche, L. G., Gabrielsen, M. E., Gordon, S. D., … Vrieze, S. (2019). Association studies of up to 1.2 million individuals yield new insights into the genetic etiology of tobacco and alcohol use. Nature genetics, 51(2), 237–244. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41588-018-0307-5

5%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Cox, J., Sherva, R., Wetherill, L., Foroud, T., Edenberg, H. J., Kranzler, H. R., Gelernter, J., & Farrer, L. A. (2021). Genome-wide association study of stimulant dependence. Translational psychiatry, 11(1), 363. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41398-021-01440-5

30%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Sanchez-Roige, S., Fontanillas, P., Elson, S. L., Gray, J. C., de Wit, H., MacKillop, J., & Palmer, A. A. (2019). Genome-Wide Association Studies of Impulsive Personality Traits (BIS-11 and UPPS-P) and Drug Experimentation in up to 22,861 Adult Research Participants Identify Loci in the CACNA1I and CADM2 genes. The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 39(13), 2562–2572.

12%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Tobacco and Genetics Consortium (2010). Genome-wide meta-analyses identify multiple loci associated with smoking behavior. Nature genetics, 42(5), 441–447. https://doi.org/10.1038/ng.571

5%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

David, S. P., Hamidovic, A., Chen, G. K., Bergen, A. W., Wessel, J., Kasberger, J. L., Brown, W. M., Petruzella, S., Thacker, E. L., Kim, Y., Nalls, M. A., Tranah, G. J., Sung, Y. J., Ambrosone, C. B., Arnett, D., Bandera, E. V., Becker, D. M., Becker, L., Berndt, S. I., Bernstein, L., … Furberg, H. (2012). Genome-wide meta-analyses of smoking behaviors in African Americans. Translational psychiatry, 2(5), e119. https://doi.org/10.1038/tp.2012.41

50%

Genetic

Ambience

Curiosities

Curiosities

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Cuellar-Partida, G., Tung, J. Y., Eriksson, N., Albrecht, E., Aliev, F., Andreassen, O. A., Barroso, I., Beckmann, J. S., Boks, M. P., Boomsma, D. I., Boyd, H. A., Breteler, M., Campbell, H., Chasman, D. I., Cherkas, L. F., Davies, G., de Geus, E., Deary, I. J., Deloukas, P., Dick, D. M., … Medland, S. E. (2021). Genome-wide association study identifies 48 common genetic variants associated with handedness. Nature human behaviour, 5(1), 59–70. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-020-00956-y

15%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Markt, S. C., Nuttall, E., Turman, C., Sinnott, J., Rimm, E. B., Ecsedy, E., Unger, R. H., Fall, K., Finn, S., Jensen, M. K., Rider, J. R., Kraft, P., & Mucci, L. A. (2016). Sniffing out significant “Pee values”: genome wide association study of asparagus anosmia. BMJ (Clinical research ed.), 355, i6071. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.i6071

In Study

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Wolber, L. E., Girotto, G., Buniello, A., Vuckovic, D., Pirastu, N., Lorente-Cánovas, B., Rudan, I., Hayward, C., Polasek, O., Ciullo, M., Mangino, M., Steves, C., Concas, M. P., Cocca, M., Spector, T. D., Gasparini, P., Steel, K. P., & Williams, F. M. (2014). Salt-inducible kinase 3, SIK3, is a new gene associated with hearing. Human molecular genetics, 23(23), 6407–6418. https://doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddu346

70%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Cuellar-Partida, G., Tung, J. Y., Eriksson, N., Albrecht, E., Aliev, F., Andreassen, O. A., Barroso, I., Beckmann, J. S., Boks, M. P., Boomsma, D. I., Boyd, H. A., Breteler, M., Campbell, H., Chasman, D. I., Cherkas, L. F., Davies, G., de Geus, E., Deary, I. J., Deloukas, P., Dick, D. M., … Medland, S. E. (2021). Genome-wide association study identifies 48 common genetic variants associated with handedness. Nature human behaviour, 5(1), 59–70. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-020-00956-y

12%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Randall CL, Wright CD, Chernus JM, McNeil DW, Feingold E, Crout RJ, Neiswanger K, Weyant RJ, Shaffer JR, Marazita ML. A Preliminary Genome-Wide Association Study of Pain-Related Fear: Implications for Orofacial Pain. Pain Res Manag. 2017;2017:7375468. doi: 10.1155/2017/7375468. Epub 2017 Jun 15. PMID: 28701861; PMCID: PMC5494109.

34%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Reimann, F., Cox, J. J., Belfer, I., Diatchenko, L., Zaykin, D. V., McHale, D. P., Drenth, J. P., Dai, F., Wheeler, J., Sanders, F., Wood, L., Wu, T. X., Karppinen, J., Nikolajsen, L., Männikkö, M., Max, M. B., Kiselycznyk, C., Poddar, M., Te Morsche, R. H., Smith, S., … Woods, C. G. (2010). Pain perception is altered by a nucleotide polymorphism in SCN9A. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(11), 5148–5153. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0913181107

Unknown

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Keller, A., Zhuang, H., Chi, Q., Vosshall, L. B., & Matsunami, H. (2007). Genetic variation in a human odorant receptor alters odour perception. Nature, 449(7161), 468–472. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature06162

Unknown

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Eriksson, N., Macpherson, J. M., Tung, J. Y., Hon, L. S., Naughton, B., Saxonov, S., Avey, L., Wojcicki, A., Pe’er, I., & Mountain, J. (2010). Web-based, participant-driven studies yield novel genetic associations for common traits. PLoS genetics, 6(6), e1000993. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000993

50%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Meddens, S., de Vlaming, R., Bowers, P., Burik, C., Linnér, R. K., Lee, C., Okbay, A., Turley, P., Rietveld, C. A., Fontana, M. A., Ghanbari, M., Imamura, F., McMahon, G., van der Most, P. J., Voortman, T., Wade, K. H., Anderson, E. L., Braun, K., Emmett, P. M., Esko, T., … Koellinger, P. D. (2021). Genomic analysis of diet composition finds novel loci and associations with health and lifestyle. Molecular psychiatry, 26(6), 2056–2069. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41380-020-0697-5

Unknown

Genetic

Ambience

Skills

Skills

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Gialluisi, A., Andlauer, T., Mirza-Schreiber, N., Moll, K., Becker, J., Hoffmann, P., Ludwig, K. U., Czamara, D., St Pourcain, B., Brandler, W., Honbolygó, F., Tóth, D., Csépe, V., Huguet, G., Morris, A. P., Hulslander, J., Willcutt, E. G., DeFries, J. C., Olson, R. K., Smith, S. D., … Schulte-Körne, G. (2019). Genome-wide association scan identifies new variants associated with a cognitive predictor of dyslexia. Translational psychiatry, 9(1), 77. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41398-019-0402-0

65%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Gialluisi, A., Andlauer, T., Mirza-Schreiber, N., Moll, K., Becker, J., Hoffmann, P., Ludwig, K. U., Czamara, D., St Pourcain, B., Brandler, W., Honbolygó, F., Tóth, D., Csépe, V., Huguet, G., Morris, A. P., Hulslander, J., Willcutt, E. G., DeFries, J. C., Olson, R. K., Smith, S. D., … Schulte-Körne, G. (2019). Genome-wide association scan identifies new variants associated with a cognitive predictor of dyslexia. Translational psychiatry, 9(1), 77. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41398-019-0402-0

40%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Chen, H., Gu, X. H., Zhou, Y., Ge, Z., Wang, B., Siok, W. T., Wang, G., Huen, M., Jiang, Y., Tan, L. H., & Sun, Y. (2017). A Genome-Wide Association Study Identifies Genetic Variants Associated with Mathematics Ability. Scientific reports, 7, 40365. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep40365

13%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Savage, J. E., Jansen, P. R., Stringer, S., Watanabe, K., Bryois, J., de Leeuw, C. A., Nagel, M., Awasthi, S., Barr, P. B., Coleman, J., Grasby, K. L., Hammerschlag, A. R., Kaminski, J. A., Karlsson, R., Krapohl, E., Lam, M., Nygaard, M., Reynolds, C. A., Trampush, J. W., Young, H., … Posthuma, D. (2018). Genome-wide association meta-analysis in 269,867 individuals identifies new genetic and functional links to intelligence. Nature genetics, 50(7), 912–919. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41588-018-0152-6

22%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Zabaneh, D., Krapohl, E., Gaspar, H. A., Curtis, C., Lee, S. H., Patel, H., Newhouse, S., Wu, H. M., Simpson, M. A., Putallaz, M., Lubinski, D., Plomin, R., & Breen, G. (2018). A genome-wide association study for extremely high intelligence. Molecular psychiatry, 23(5), 1226–1232. https://doi.org/10.1038/mp.2017.121

33%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Debette, S., Ibrahim Verbaas, C. A., Bressler, J., Schuur, M., Smith, A., Bis, J. C., Davies, G., Wolf, C., Gudnason, V., Chibnik, L. B., Yang, Q., deStefano, A. L., de Quervain, D. J., Srikanth, V., Lahti, J., Grabe, H. J., Smith, J. A., Priebe, L., Yu, L., Karbalai, N., … Cohorts for Heart and Aging Research in Genomic Epidemiology Consortium (2015). Genome-wide studies of verbal declarative memory in nondemented older people: the Cohorts for Heart and Aging Research in Genomic Epidemiology consortium. Biological psychiatry, 77(8), 749–763. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2014.08.027

52%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Blokland, G. A. (2017). Genome-wide association study of working memory brain activation. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 115, 98–111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2016.09.010

50%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Ramanan, V. K., Nho, K., Shen, L., Risacher, S. L., Kim, S., McDonald, B. C., Farlow, M. R., Foroud, T. M., Gao, S., Soininen, H., Kłoszewska, I., Mecocci, P., Tsolaki, M., Vellas, B., Lovestone, S., Aisen, P. S., Petersen, R. C., Jack, C. R., Jr, Shaw, L. M., Trojanowski, J. Q., … Saykin, A. J. (2015). FASTKD2 is associated with memory and hippocampal structure in older adults. Molecular psychiatry, 20(10), 1197–1204. https://doi.org/10.1038/mp.2014.142

60%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Ibrahim-Verbaas, C. A., Bressler, J., Debette, S., Schuur, M., Smith, A. V., Bis, J. C., Davies, G., Trompet, S., Smith, J. A., Wolf, C., Chibnik, L. B., Liu, Y., Vitart, V., Kirin, M., Petrovic, K., Polasek, O., Zgaga, L., Fawns-Ritchie, C., Hoffmann, P., Karjalainen, J., … Mosley, T. H. (2016). GWAS for executive function and processing speed suggests involvement of the CADM2 gene. Molecular psychiatry, 21(2), 189–197. https://doi.org/10.1038/mp.2015.37

11%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Gialluisi, A., Andlauer, T., Mirza-Schreiber, N., Moll, K., Becker, J., Hoffmann, P., Ludwig, K. U., Czamara, D., St Pourcain, B., Brandler, W., Honbolygó, F., Tóth, D., Csépe, V., Huguet, G., Morris, A. P., Hulslander, J., Willcutt, E. G., DeFries, J. C., Olson, R. K., Smith, S. D., … Schulte-Körne, G. (2019). Genome-wide association scan identifies new variants associated with a cognitive predictor of dyslexia. Translational psychiatry, 9(1), 77. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41398-019-0402-0

30%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Ibrahim-Verbaas, C. A., Bressler, J., Debette, S., Schuur, M., Smith, A. V., Bis, J. C., Davies, G., Trompet, S., Smith, J. A., Wolf, C., Chibnik, L. B., Liu, Y., Vitart, V., Kirin, M., Petrovic, K., Polasek, O., Zgaga, L., Fawns-Ritchie, C., Hoffmann, P., Karjalainen, J., … Mosley, T. H. (2016). GWAS for executive function and processing speed suggests involvement of the CADM2 gene. Molecular psychiatry, 21(2), 189–197. https://doi.org/10.1038/mp.2015.37

68%

Genetic

Ambience

Psychology

Personality

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

De Moor, M. H., Costa, P. T., Terracciano, A., Krueger, R. F., de Geus, E. J., Toshiko, T., Penninx, B. W., Esko, T., Madden, P. A., Derringer, J., Amin, N., Willemsen, G., Hottenga, J. J., Distel, M. A., Uda, M., Sanna, S., Spinhoven, P., Hartman, C. A., Sullivan, P., Realo, A., … Boomsma, D. I. (2012). Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies for personality. Molecular psychiatry, 17(3), 337–349. https://doi.org/10.1038/mp.2010.128

18%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

De Moor, M. H., Costa, P. T., Terracciano, A., Krueger, R. F., de Geus, E. J., Toshiko, T., Penninx, B. W., Esko, T., Madden, P. A., Derringer, J., Amin, N., Willemsen, G., Hottenga, J. J., Distel, M. A., Uda, M., Sanna, S., Spinhoven, P., Hartman, C. A., Sullivan, P., Realo, A., … Boomsma, D. I. (2012). Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies for personality. Molecular psychiatry, 17(3), 337–349. https://doi.org/10.1038/mp.2010.128

33%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Okbay, A., Baselmans, B. M., De Neve, J. E., Turley, P., Nivard, M. G., Fontana, M. A., Meddens, S. F., Linnér, R. K., Rietveld, C. A., Derringer, J., Gratten, J., Lee, J. J., Liu, J. Z., de Vlaming, R., Ahluwalia, T. S., Buchwald, J., Cavadino, A., Frazier-Wood, A. C., Furlotte, N. A., Garfield, V., … Cesarini, D. (2016). Genetic variants associated with subjective well-being, depressive symptoms, and neuroticism identified through genome-wide analyses. Nature genetics, 48(6), 624–633. https://doi.org/10.1038/ng.3552

15%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

De Moor, M. H., Costa, P. T., Terracciano, A., Krueger, R. F., de Geus, E. J., Toshiko, T., Penninx, B. W., Esko, T., Madden, P. A., Derringer, J., Amin, N., Willemsen, G., Hottenga, J. J., Distel, M. A., Uda, M., Sanna, S., Spinhoven, P., Hartman, C. A., Sullivan, P., Realo, A., … Boomsma, D. I. (2012). Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies for personality. Molecular psychiatry, 17(3), 337–349. https://doi.org/10.1038/mp.2010.128<br />

Amin, N., Hottenga, J. J., Hansell, N. K., Janssens, A. C., de Moor, M. H., Madden, P. A., Zorkoltseva, I. V., Penninx, B. W., Terracciano, A., Uda, M., Tanaka, T., Esko, T., Realo, A., Ferrucci, L., Luciano, M., Davies, G., Metspalu, A., Abecasis, G. R., Deary, I. J., Raikkonen, K., … van Duijn, C. M. (2013). Refining genome-wide linkage intervals using a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies identifies loci influencing personality dimensions. European journal of human genetics : EJHG, 21(8), 876–882. https://doi.org/10.1038/ejhg.2012.263

32%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

De Moor, M. H., Costa, P. T., Terracciano, A., Krueger, R. F., de Geus, E. J., Toshiko, T., Penninx, B. W., Esko, T., Madden, P. A., Derringer, J., Amin, N., Willemsen, G., Hottenga, J. J., Distel, M. A., Uda, M., Sanna, S., Spinhoven, P., Hartman, C. A., Sullivan, P., Realo, A., … Boomsma, D. I. (2012). Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies for personality. Molecular psychiatry, 17(3), 337–349. https://doi.org/10.1038/mp.2010.128<br />

30%

Genetic

Ambience

Stress and anxiety

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Purves, K. L., Coleman, J., Meier, S. M., Rayner, C., Davis, K., Cheesman, R., Bækvad-Hansen, M., Børglum, A. D., Wan Cho, S., Jürgen Deckert, J., Gaspar, H. A., Bybjerg-Grauholm, J., Hettema, J. M., Hotopf, M., Hougaard, D., Hübel, C., Kan, C., McIntosh, A. M., Mors, O., Bo Mortensen, P., … Eley, T. C. (2020). A major role for common genetic variation in anxiety disorders. Molecular psychiatry, 25(12), 3292–3303. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41380-019-0559-1

26%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Stein, M. B., Chen, C. Y., Jain, S., Jensen, K. P., He, F., Heeringa, S. G., Kessler, R. C., Maihofer, A., Nock, M. K., Ripke, S., Sun, X., Thomas, M. L., Ursano, R. J., Smoller, J. W., Gelernter, J., & Army STARRS Collaborators (2017). Genetic risk variants for social anxiety. American journal of medical genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric genetics : the official publication of the International Society of Psychiatric Genetics, 174(2), 120–131. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.b.32520

12%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Sulkava, S., Ollila, H. M., Alasaari, J., Puttonen, S., Härmä, M., Viitasalo, K., Lahtinen, A., Lindström, J., Toivola, A., Sulkava, R., Kivimäki, M., Vahtera, J., Partonen, T., Silander, K., Porkka-Heiskanen, T., & Paunio, T. (2017). Common Genetic Variation Near Melatonin Receptor 1A Gene Linked to Job-Related Exhaustion in Shift Workers. Sleep, 40(1), zsw011. https://doi.org/10.1093/sleep/zsw011

33%

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Nagel, M., Jansen, P. R., Stringer, S., Watanabe, K., de Leeuw, C. A., Bryois, J., Savage, J. E., Hammerschlag, A. R., Skene, N. G., Muñoz-Manchado, A. B., 23andMe Research Team, White, T., Tiemeier, H., Linnarsson, S., Hjerling-Leffler, J., Polderman, T., Sullivan, P. F., van der Sluis, S., & Posthuma, D. (2018). Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies for neuroticism in 449,484 individuals identifies novel genetic loci and pathways. Nature genetics, 50(7), 920–927. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41588-018-0151-7

Unknown

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

“Rimpelä, J. M., Niiranen, T., Jula, A., Pörsti, I. H., Tikkakoski, A., Havulinna, A., Lehtimäki, T., Salomaa, V., Kontula, K. K., & Hiltunen, T. P. (2019). Genome-wide association study of white-coat effect in hypertensive patients. Blood Pressure, 28(4), 239–249. https://doi.org/10.1080/08037051.2019.1604066

Schijven, D., Geuze, E., Vinkers, C. H., Pulit, S. L., Schür, R. R., Malgaz, M., Bekema, E., Medic, J., van der Kust, K. E., Veldink, J. H., Boks, M. P., Vermetten, E., & Luykx, J. J. (2019). Multivariate genome-wide analysis of stress-related quantitative phenotypes. European Neuropsychopharmacology, 29(12), 1354–1364. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euroneuro.2019.09.012

Unknown

Genetic

Ambience

Emotional wellbeing

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Klein, T. A., Neumann, J., Reuter, M., Hennig, J., von Cramon, D. Y., & Ullsperger, M. (2007). Genetically determined differences in learning from errors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5856), 1642–1645. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1145044

In Study

Genetic

Ambience

0
Number of genetic variants analyzed

Academic studies

Okbay, A., Baselmans, B. M., De Neve, J. E., Turley, P., Nivard, M. G., Fontana, M. A., Meddens, S. F., Linnér, R. K., Rietveld, C. A., Derringer, J., Gratten, J., Lee, J. J., Liu, J. Z., de Vlaming, R., Ahluwalia, T. S., Buchwald, J., Cavadino, A., Frazier-Wood, A. C., Furlotte, N. A., Garfield, V., … Cesarini, D. (2016). Genetic variants associated with subjective well-being, depressive symptoms, and neuroticism identified through genome-wide analyses. Nature genetics, 48(6), 624–633. https://doi.org/10.1038/ng.3552

Baselmans, B., & Bartels, M. (2018). A genetic perspective on the relationship between eudaimonic -and hedonic well-being. Scientific reports, 8(1), 14610. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-32638-1

Sanchez-Roige, S., Gray, J. C., MacKillop, J., Chen, C. H., & Palmer, A. A. (2018). The genetics of human personality. Genes, brain, and behavior, 17(3), e12439. https://doi.org/10.1111/gbb.12439

20%